Tuesday, 19 December 2017

Summer Learning Journey Week Two Sweet Tooth

  • Cake                                                    
  • 250g butter, softened          
  • 3 cups (660g) white sugar
  • 6 eggs
  • 30ml red food colouring
  • 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder
  • 3 cups (375g) plain flour
  • 1 cup (250ml) buttermilk
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla essence
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1 teaspoon bicarb soda
  • 1 tablespoon white vinegar
  • White Chocolate Cream Cheese Icing
  • 375g white chocolate
  • 500g cream cheese
  • 250g butter, softened
  • Couldn't Find image due to copy right.

Summer Learning Journey Week Two Making a Fashion Statement

The outfits that people wore in the late 1940s are very different to the outfits we wear now. Women wearing hats and gloves in their day to day outfits men wearing hats and suits all day. I would prefer the outfits we wear today. The outfits they wore back then must of gotten hot with all the layers of clothes. But that is just my opinion.

Summer Learning Journey Week Two VE Day!

If it was me I would invite my family over. We can run around and jump on the trampoline. We would eat hamburgers, sausages, patsies, ribs and chops. We would probably go to the park and play touch or ride our bikes. Then at night we would roast marshmallows and put them in the middle of chocolate biscuits.

Monday, 18 December 2017

Summer Learning Journey Week Two Women at Work

One day I was walking along the deck of the ship when I hear a loud bang. I start to run as I see smoke coming from the far end of the ship. I run towards the room where your patients are waiting to receive treatment from the doctor. Just as I arrive at the door to their room I hear another loud bang and I turn slowly around. I see man laying down in a pool of blood I recognised him. It was Benjamin we where childhood friends I started to cry. I went inside and grabbed a first ad kit. I ran to him as fast as I could. I went on my knees I was shaking him and saying "wake up, wake up!" he was died. I held him by the shoulders and dragged him the room where the patients where. I could hear something from out side I looked through the window. "BANG!" I blacked out and woke up in the Hospital. I was in a coma for two years Benjamin already had his funeral. It's hard living life without Benjamin.

Summer Learning Journey Week Two: A Call to Arms

Lloyd Trigg is the only serviceman to have been awarded the VC on the ‘recommendation’ of an enemy. Despite being hit repeatedly by anti-aircraft fire, Trigg pressed home his attack and fatally damaged the German submarine with depth charges.His crippled Liberator then crashed into the sea with the loss of all eight crew. German survivors praised Trigg’s courage after they were picked up by an Allied ship. Their evidence was instrumental in the New Zealander being awarded a posthumous VC.

Summer Learning Journey Week Two An Eventful Experience

By the mid-1939, Japan and China had already been engaged in full-scale war for nearly two years. The city of Tianjin had been captured by Japanese forces on 30 Jul 1937, but the Japanese Army had avoided the foreign concessions in order to prevent diplomatic complications. On 9 Apr 1939, a Chinese-national who was a manager and a customs official for the Japanese-controlled Federal Reserve Bank of North China, a man considered to be a collaborationist, was assassinated by Chinese resistance fighters at the Grand Theater. The Japanese soon named six Chinese men as the killers, and announced that they were hiding in the British concession. The Japanese Army demanded them to be handed over, and the British police complied, though asking the Japanese not to torture them and to return them in five days. Ignoring the first part of the agreement, the Japanese tortured the four men that the British police turned over, getting two of them to confess. Five days later, the Japanese returned the four men to the British concession as promised. 

Sunday, 17 December 2017

Summer Learning Journey Week Two Paying it Forward

If I could go back in time and visit a family the snacks I would give them are:

  1. Cad bury chocolate (all kind)
  2. Boxes of shapes (all kind)
  3. Biscuits (of all kind)
  4. Waffles (of all kind)
  5. M&Ms
  6. Skittles
  7. Other lollies

Summer Learning Journey Week Two Offering a Helping Hand

  1. Buy chocolate or cookies and go around selling them for 5 dollars. Then give the money to the families of my clothes or food then give the families that.
  2. Do a fundraiser to get money we can sing, dance, or have a ruffle.
  3. We can do chores for the neighbours and they can pay us.   

Summer Learning Journey Week Two Dealing with Stress

To distress I colour in my colouring books. I also draw whats on my mind and I watch videos on my Chromebook. To distress I listen to mindfulness music.

Summer Learning Journey Week Two Crossing the Tasman

As I aboard the Southern Cross
Twenty minutes until left off
We wave and say our last goodbyes
Tears fall from my eyes
Left off where going up to the sky
Ice and heavy rain start to come from behind
My stomach drops right to the ground
I can feel Butterfly's in my stomach flying around
As what felt like years we finally land
I feel safe and sound
Now I can eat my Favorited snack a Harsh Brown
I go to rest my head
On a comfy king size bed
I can't wait to run around and play
Goodbye for now see you another day   

Summer Learning Journey Week 2 Art Deco

 I give this Art Deco a 4 out of 5 I like the shading of it and how realistic it looks. I didn't give it a five because I have this weird felling about it. the way the woman looks. It looks like she has cold dead eyes. So that's only what I think anyway.

Summer Learning Journey Week Two: Popular Culture – The Silent Movie

I did not like this silent film. First of all I hate that it's silent it does have background music but I did not like the ever. Also it doesn't have any colour and then big words just pop up out of nowhere. You don't even know their talking until big words pop up. I dislike this version of filming and I am happy that films this day have colour and sound.

Summer Learning Journey Week Two In Flanders Fields

I think the poem is very touching I really like how it rhymed. I bet those who lost their loved ones must go to the Anzac ceremony every year. I am happy that the war is over. We are lucky that we live in a safe country. To those who lost their loved ones they served our country. they are all looking down on us. Lest We Forget. 

Summer Learning Journey Week Two The Right to Vote

I think it is unfair how women where not allowed to vote. Did men under underestimate women at the time. I'm happy that now women are allowed to vote because that means I can vote when I'm older. I'm also happy that women's voices can be heard. I give Kate Shepard a huge thanks for getting women to vote.

Summer Learning Journey: Week 2 Murcia Cathedral

Image result for Murcia Cathedral
The Murcia Cathedral can be found in Plaza del Cardenal Belluga, 1, 30001 Murcia, Spain. There is twenty-five bells in the Murcia Cathedral these are some of their names. The Bell of the Spells, La Catalana, The Bell of Prayer,La Fuensanta, The Conception, La Seguidilla, The greater or Agueda-Martillo which is the main bell.

When the Christian king Jaime I the Conqueror conquered the city, in spite of the existing pact with the Muslims of the city that prevented destroying any mosque, the king Jaime I took the Great Mosque or Aljamía to consecrate it to the Virgin Mary, since he had the custom to offer a mass to Our Lady whenever he conquered a village. The cimentation of the cathedral begun in the 13th century, in the same place where the great mosque stood. In 1385 the laying of foundations began and in 1388 the first stone was laid. But it was not until 1394 that the construction began, which would be finished in October 1467. Nevertheless, the cathedral continued to grow until the 18th century, which means that the cathedral is made of a variety of artistic styles.

Tuesday, 28 November 2017

Week 1 Summer Learning Journey: Waka Ana

I think it would be fun but I just don't think I'm good enough to do this. Maybe in the future I would grow more to this sport. But for now I want to learn more about waka racing. So I know if I want to do I know what to do.

Week 1 Summer Learning Journey: Setting Sail

Thursday, 23 November 2017

Poha to Kirihou

This term we have been learning about how food preservation has changed since the early days. I have learnt how that we have damaged the environment killing sea animals when we throw our plastic in the ocean we need to work on not using plastic. We made wax wraps in class and they are better to use than plastic.

Monday, 16 October 2017

100 Word Challenge week 1 term 4

Social Experience at local park.

At Blossom Meadows a social experience was held. Davy Grey a local T.V host did a social experience. What would you do if you saw legs coming out from the pond. Would you be a person that helps, or will you walk away and say you didn’t see anything?  The first person was Nancy Baker who worked at the town bakery, she walked past and noticed something in the water. She screamed and before she could ring the police Davy and his crew stopped her. “I was so frighted it’s such a nice town what could've happened?” said Nancy.

Friday, 22 September 2017

The Piano

WALT:write a descriptive piece of writing from the old man's point of view as he recalls his memories.

The Piano

Good bye said my wife sweetly as I looked into her kind eyes. I watch her as she closes her eyes for the last time. A month past since my wife’s funeral I play her piano, everyday I play her favorite song. I remember her she was a kind hearted person. She would always help those in need. I remember the war she waited for me to come back I was never there for her. I could never help, I could never do things right and that got my best friend killed.

I play the piano more and I feel like she is right here next to me. I can see her dancing around the room as I play the piano. She sits and holds my hands I tell I miss her and that I’m alone without her. She starts playing the piano with me “I’m sorry” I say. “I was never there for you and now you're gone” I say. “It wasn’t your fault it was no one’s fault” she said. She hugs me I look at her as she slowly disappears.

I carry on playing the more I play the more I remember, the war. I fought for my country and in return my best friend Brandon got killed. I didn’t follow orders I went the other way Brandon took a shot for me. I was supposed to die not him I never forgave myself after that day.

I was about to stop playing the piano when I see my son George on his 7th birthday he always wanted a horse to ride.  I see him running around the room sadly George died with a heart disease at the age 27. He stops running then under the piano came Gabe George’s son. “It’s ok grandpa” he said “I miss dad and grandma too”.  “You were always a smart kid” I said he giggled. He started playing the piano with me and from then I would start teaching kids how to play piano. Gabe is my first student I know life will be hard without my wife and George but life moves on.        

Te Ngahere

              Wal about te ngahere, the rakau, the kararehe, the manu and the risks to the forest.

Thursday, 24 August 2017

Sierre Leone Mudslide

Week #45

World Events for your writing
I’m sure you won’t have missed the events in Barcelona, Spain this week or the devastation caused by the mudslide in Sierre Leone and the violence in Charlottesville, Virginia. The prompt this week uses the emotions that the media has shown us.

Latest prompt
As I said at the top of this page, the events around the world this week:

… as it came rushing towards us we…
Sierre Leone Mudslide
“Rumble, rumble!!!” I woke up. I couldn’t sleep, my house kept shaking. I went outside to see what was shaking my house. I looked up at a tall mountain, there was a mudslide coming towards us. I tried warning people but they all said I was crazy. I ran back to the mountain with some sticks to try and block it off but it was too late. I closed my eyes as it came rushing towards me, when my best friend Selma pushed me. Selma got stuck in the mud I dived in I couldn’t find her she was gone.

Friday, 18 August 2017

100 word writing challenge #44

Seamore the Seal

I am Seamore the seal, I was swimming peacefully when these humans invaded. I had an brilliant idea, I’d hide behind a huge rock. The humans walked passed I whacked them with my tail. They fell, they all started to fall over each other. I rolled to the shore, I watched quietly as they fell. I laughed uncontrollably. They looked at me, they must have thought I was dying, they ran away. I kept laughing and went back into the ocean. I told everyone about it, we all laughed. Those humans will never come here again we all hoped.

The Magician

The Magician

I open my eyes and think, who did this to me? why am I here? did I do something wrong? I look up slowly at this huge building I had a feeling that I was here once before. I have a flashback to my childhood this was the orphanage that I grew up in. I remembered more the only reason I went in the orphanage was because my family home burnt down. It only burnt down because of me! My mother told me not to use the oven. I escape I but I never saw my little sister or mother again. I put my head in my hands, a single tear came from my eye. I get up and sadly walked and open the dark oak door and saw, a picture of me as a kid. I turned around “Slam” the door loudly shut, I run up to it I pull and pull but the door was locked. I look at the stairs, with a thought, who locked me in here? I need to get out. I cautiously went up the stairs. I see my childhood self running down the stairs, I watch him, he went through some boxes. I remember there was a back door to the yard. I quickly went down the stairs, and I moved the boxes. In the boxes I saw rusty old trophies, dusty art and board games I liked chest the best. I liked learning new strategies to win the game. I finally moved all the boxes and found the back door. I open the door, with a fancy golden knob, and carefully crept out the garden.  There was a rusty fence, with a little brown gate, I walk towards it. There was a creepy voice calls me back to the building. I have a feeling like there more in the orphanage, that meant to be me, but why? I kept going up the stairs then I saw my little old bed. On my bed there was a little teddy bear with a nametag that said Mr J. Stuffington. I loved he as a kid he was my favorite toy. I was heading to go up more when a gust of wind came out of nowhere. I look out through the window there was a tornado of wind it was huge. I could was it it couldn’t be… my mother and sister? I run down the stairs to the back door. I got to the front of the orphanage but I  kept getting pushed back the winds was very strong. I kept running and running towards it but the wind pushed me back into a puddle. My clothes were soaked I looked up the tornado of wind kept getting bigger and bigger. I saw books and leaves everywhere on the ground I noticed an umbrella I had an ideal. I grabbed the umbrella and climb up the ladder beside the orphanage then I made it to the top of the orphanage. I jumped the wind blew into the inside of my umbrella pushing me up. I was up above the tornado I didn’t notice it before but there was a person at bottom of the tornado. In the stranger's hand I saw a stick it looked like the stranger was controlling the tornado. I was above my mother and sister but I didn’t think about how to get them down. I let go of the umbrella I fell right through I was right beside the stranger and tackled him. The tornado stopped everything fell including my mother and sister. I grabbed his stick and pointed it at my mother and sister they gracefully glided down, they looked as light as a feather. I looked at the stranger as he got he looked like me? He spoke
“I am no stranger I am the magician or what you call me your conscience”. Really I thought
“I will bring you back to your world” he said.
“I have one question why did you bring me here” I said.
“I brought you here so that you know that it wasn’t your fault that your house burn down, nothing was your fault and that you should have no regret. I said
“When you go back you will not remember this every happened and you mother and sister will be with you” he said

He grabbed his stick and started floated he zapped us and we were back. Now I can live a happy life with my family once again and will not have any regret.

Friday, 11 August 2017

Whale Fantasia

Whale Fantasia

I loved exploring I could never keep still. I am now swimming in the Pacific Ocean I felt like a fish. With my two friends Erin and Mandy we explore the unknown. We went in and out of caves swimming past schools of fish. We gracefully glide through the water under all the waves. They looked like white clouds getting pushed by the wind. I twist and turn as the sun shone brightly through the water. I felt as if I was in a dream. I swim above coral and sand I felt like I was flying. I touched some sea weed it was as slimy as a slug.

As we ventured deeper and deeper into the unknown, the light of the sun is becoming dim. Their was outstanding fish in all different colours. I guess they can see just fine in the dark parts of the ocean. We all swam up to see the light of day when we all saw something big swim past. We all started swimming to it. We were right behind it when all of a sudden it stopped. We all swam in front of it and then out of nowhere two other whales came.

They were a family it was an amazing site. The whales looked so majestic we touched their skin it felt as hard as concrete. One of the whales did a twirl with it’s stomach up. We could see all the barnacles stuck to it, they looked dull and bumpy. The barnacles looked like sand with rocks in it.

All of us twist and twirled as the whales made boisterous noises. They swam down deeper into the ocean they got smaller as they swam away . Now I can tell the tale about how I swam with whale. There was still lots and lots of ocean to explore. But we all guessed that our adventure was over. We swam to the surface it was late afternoon. We told everyone about our adventure and I will always remember the time I swam with whales.            

Friday, 4 August 2017

The Ridge

The Ridge
As I rowed my canoe across the ocean look at the sea lions swimming I look at the ridge. I arrived at land I took a big gulp because today I am going to ride up the ridge. I got my mountain bike and I was off I was shaking, because there was a chance that I would come back down. There was rocks and tight turns but that was OK because I love the challenge. I kept riding until I got to a stream so I jump it and risk getting hurt or go around the long way. I took a big risk but I made I could see other little streams I knew I could do them as well. As I road up the mountain it kept getting steamer and steamer.   Till the point go that I couldn’t ride my bike anymore so I started to run. I was hard with the weight of my bike but I kept going. I made it to a flat part of the mountain I was feeling peckish. So I grabbed some food and water from my bag and then I went up more. I made to the top and looked down I was above all the cloud. I took a big gulp and went down. It was bumpy but fun it was hard to keep my balance. I arrived but to the beach but there was a fence in my way. If I can ride up that mountain I can get over this fence. I pressed my front wheel to the fence I did a front flip. I layed down on the beach I watched the sun go down. Now I can tell people about my amazing adventure.

This is writing from last week it was about a man named Danny Macaskill riding up the isle of skye.

Kayak Jingles

Kayak JinglesImage result for studio microphone

A jingle is a catchy phrase or slogan, often set to a fun tune, that is often used to advertise a certain product or service. You can hear jingles on TV or radio commercials. Jingles are usually short and very memorable. - St Pierre’s Sushi

Writing your own Jingle

You are going to write a jingle advertising Kayak Lessons for kids in Tamaki. You will need to use all the information you learned from the readings about kayaking, and about kids learning to kayak.

STEP #1: Write down all the words you can think of that relate to kayaking, and might be used in your jingle.
Words that describe kayaking
Fun, sporty, cool, exciting,awesome amazing,

STEP #2: Look at your word list and determine which words rhyme.
Rhyming words 1
Rhyming words 2
Rhyming words 3
Rhyming words 4
Fun, sun

STEP #3: Begin writing short sentences. Be sure to include words from your list in step #2 and use the Rhyming words from Step #3.

Line 1
Kayaking kayaking it's so fun kayaking kayaking under the sun .
Line 2
Kayaking kayaking is a fun sport  kayaking kayaking you can do all sorts.
Line 3
Kayaking kayaking you can bring your family, Kayaking kayaking they all be happy.

Step #4 Record using and share your jingle using Online voice recorder
  • Share it on your blog with a paragraph about what you are advertising
  • Save the recording to your chromebook
  • Upload the recording from your ‘.files’ to your Drive
  • Change the sharing settings of the recording from your drive to “Anyone with the link”
  • Open the recording in a new window
  • Select “Copy embed code”

Step #5 Share on your blog

  • Paste the embedded code into the HTML section of your blog.
  • Share your post with a task description and a walt.

Thursday, 3 August 2017

But Then The Flash Made Me…

But Then The Flash Made Me…

I’ve been working on this invention for weeks and I’ve cracked it. I Barry Oaklyn has almost made a connection with aliens. With my machine the Best Alien Locater Device or B.A.L.D for short. I can connect with aliens I turned it on. I looked in the night sky the aliens were coming but they were coming in too fast. They crashed I looked around in the shuttle.  There was a flash of light I walked closer to it. But then the flash made me one of them!
“Ahhhh”! I woke up it was all a dream.

This week for writing we did the 100 word challenge and in our piece of writing we had to only 100 word
no more no less. Hope you like my story and if I made any mistakes please comment and I could do better
in my other story's.

Monday, 31 July 2017

Creating your own kayak

Screenshot 2017-07-31 at 10.58.52 AM.png

WALT: make connection with what we already know with what we read

I have chosen Black Slalom C1 kayak with a black base and a white outline. I have chosen to place 4 white stars at the front  and three white stars at the back.
I think my kayak would be brought by a parent wanting to get their kid in kayaking. It’s simple but I think that the people would like the stars.

Friday, 28 July 2017



I have learnt the names of fractions and what they look like. It took me a while to find shapes that the fractions be even on.

Flow Diagram Life Jackets

For reading I have been learning about life jackets and sailing here is a diagram of how much life jackets have change over the years. It was really fun to learn about life jacket I can't believe how much they have changed.

Monday, 3 July 2017


WALT be cybersmart using a game called Interland. In this game there are 4 different cyber worlds each focussing on a different part of cyber smart. The green mountain which is the one we started with is about being kind and caring. I got to the top of this mountain and scored 235 see my screenshot below.
Then I decided to have a go at the Mindful Mountain which is about who you share your personal information with.

I enjoyed learning about cyber smart by using this game.


Tuesday, 27 June 2017

Measuring length

WALT estimate and measure to the nearest centimetre
In this slide I learnt how to measure things differently by that I mean I measured it without a ruler.

Friday, 16 June 2017



WALT  about the harvesting of paua.

first we had to watch a video about paua then we had to make a choice between doing a thinglink or google slide.
Hope you like my thinklink I worked hard on it
hope you enjoy.

Wednesday, 14 June 2017

The Skeletal System

WAL about the skeletal system
I had to get information about the skeletal system
I also watched lots of videos to get more information about the skeletal system


WAL about Rongoa 
I had to get information about Rongoa
I watched a video on a thinglink to get this information

Tuesday, 13 June 2017



WAL about the heart
I had to get information about the heart
I also watch videos about the heart to get more information.

The Respiratory System


WAL about the respiratory system
I had to get information about the respiratory system 
I had to also watch videos to get more information for this slide show.

The Digestive System

WAL about the digestive system.
In this slide show I had to get information about the digestive system.
I also watched videos about the digestive system to get more information for this slide.

The Nervous system

WAL: about the nervous system.
In this slide show we had to get information about the nervous system.
I also watched some videos to get more information for this slide show.

Thursday, 8 June 2017



WAL: about how to gather and prepare tuna.
WAL: about the impact of water quality on the habitat of the tuna.
this slide show is about tuna and their habitat it also talks about the polluted water that the tuna is living in.

Wednesday, 7 June 2017

Matariki design

WALT: use information to create a new invention.

Matariki around the world.

WAL: about how Matariki is celebrated around the world.

I learnt the different how other people celebrate Matariki around the world. I like the different names that other cultures call Matariki.

Thursday, 1 June 2017



WAL about pōhā and how to make them.


WAL about mokihi and how they are made.
We went onto a matariki thinglink and watched a video on mokihi.
Next we got a choice on creating a thinglink or a google slide show to share out learning my favourite fact was where you can find roupo.

Wednesday, 31 May 2017

The Answer is...


WALT:solve multiplication problems.
This slide is about working out the answers to the question.
The slide I like the most is slide 5 because I like doing Sudoku. 

This week my number is? week 5


WALT:solve multiplication problems.
This slide is about making up a number in the hundreds then doing different questions with that number.
The slide I like the most is slide 5 because of the numbers more and less.

Wednesday, 24 May 2017

Titanium slow writing

WALT:use a technique to carefully craft our writing.


If wasn’t so gullible, if I was normal, if I had never walked down the corridor then things would've gone right. I’m scared, worried, terrified I was a fool to think this time would be different. A piece of a wall slowly crumbled as a tower of tables collapsed. I looked at the walls as I walked down the broken school I notice a door quickly shut. I carefully walked out the door  passing a police car I jump on a bike. I hurry down the street. I nervously sweat, as I scrunch my face putting it in my hands. I arrived  home but then…  

This story will be continued...


   WALT: Refresh our memories with a website called Thinglink.

Greece ancient civilization

WALT: Refresh our memories with a website called Thinglink.

Thursday, 11 May 2017

Kidney Dissection

WALT Examine a real organ from a mammal.
this week in class we are learning about the kidney so in class we got lamb.


  WAL about the kidneys
In class we are learning about the human body and the subject this week is the kidney.

Friday, 5 May 2017


WALT write a narrative through the eyes of one of the crew, or robots.


It was a cold winter's morning not far off the coast of Somalia. I was in my container waiting to get to the loading dock when I heard a “bang”. I could hear heavy boots hitting the vessel there was screaming. I heard laughing and whimpering “Oh no a pirate ate my soup my beautiful soup!’ yelled a chef, I fell over. The vessel turned around we were going the wrong way. I knew something wasn’t right pirates must have taken over the vessel. “Click click” I  could hear someone trying to unlock my shiny white container  it opened.  I went up through the roof hole in the container “Where’s all the stuff?” yelled a confused pirate.

I jumped behind him and when he turned around he ran away in fear.  All the other robots emerged from their containers and ran after the pirates. I was going right up to the top. I saw the other robots pushing the greasy haired pirates. Robot 626 pushed  a smelly pirate overboard into the freezing water, robot 626 laughed and laughed. I toss 626 a floaty ring to throw at the pirate. At least he got a bath said 626. I continued going up I looked down at the vessel and saw the pirates bowing to the robots.

I got up to the captain's room the real captain and the crew were tied up. There was 3 tuna smelling pirates in the captain’s room. I pulled the first pirate and through him against the white metal wall. I grabbed the second pirate and through on the first pirate. Then I slowly creeped up to the pirates captain and taped on his shoulder. He looked at me with a nervous face he had sweat dripping down from his head. I pointed outside when the pirate saw his crew all down on their knees he was shocked. All the robots were cheering.

I headbutted the pirate and he collapsed I freed the captain and his crew. Then we got all the pirate and tied them up. I gave the captain’s things back too and a  steaming cup of coffee. He smiled gladly and all the robots went back into the shiny containers. “What you saw today stays on this boat” said the captain with a serious voice.


In class we are learning about the body and we all had to make a person and label some of the body parts in maori.


About an Inventor

             WALT: gather information and put it in our own words.